15 Findings From The Lancet Report
On April 3rd, 2019, The Lancet, which is a family of journals that strive to make science widely available so that medicine can serve, and transform society, and positively impact the lives of people, published a comprehensive report titled “Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.”
We read it.
You’re encouraged to read it as well, but for those who choose not to we wanted to pull out 15 findings, we believe to be critical to improving our wellness, today.
The focus of the study was to evaluate the consumption of major foods and nutrients across 195 countries and to quantify the impact of their suboptimal intake on NCD (Non-Communicable Diseases) mortality and morbidity.
To better understand this report, Non-Communicable Diseases, as defined by the World Health Organization are chronic diseases, that tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors, with examples including various Cardiovascular Diseases, Chronic Respiratory Diseases, and Diabetes. All things we can agree on we’d prefer to be living life without.
As a collective that is based in the United States and advocates for the consumption of a plant-based diet, you will find these extractions are in support of our wellness lifestyles at Wild But Well.
15 FINDINGS FROM THE LANCET REPORT
Globally, consumption of nearly all healthy foods and nutrients was suboptimal in 2017.
The largest gaps between current and optimal intake were observed for nuts and seeds, milk, and whole grains, with mean consumption at 12% of the optimal levels.
In parallel with suboptimal healthy food consumption, daily intake of all unhealthy foods and nutrients exceeded the optimal level globally.
The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages was far higher than the optimal intake.
Global consumption of processed meat and sodium were far above the optimal levels.
The global intake of red meat was 18% greater than the optimal intake.
High-income North America had the highest processed meat intake.
The highest intake of trans fats was observed in high-income North America.
Globally, in 2017, dietary risks were responsible for 11 million deaths and 255 million DALYs (disability-adjusted life-years — aka the years you can’t thrive due to illness resulting from diet).
Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of diet-related deaths (10 million deaths) and DALYs (207 million).
Cancers were responsible for the second leading cause of diet-related deaths (913090 deaths and 20 million DALYs)
Type 2 diabetes was the third leading cause of diet-related deaths (338714 deaths and 24 million DALYs).
A small number of dietary risks had a large impact on health outcomes. In 2017, more than half of diet-related deaths and two-thirds of diet-related DALYs were attributable to a high intake of sodium, low intake of whole grains, and low intake of fruits.
We found that the improvement of diet could potentially prevent one in every five deaths globally. Our findings show that, unlike many other risk factors, dietary risks affected people regardless of age, sex, and sociodemographic development of their place of residence.
Our findings show that suboptimal diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risks globally, including tobacco smoking, highlighting the urgent need for improving human diet across nations.
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